Tag Archives: chemistry

Jewish Nobel Prize Winners 2013

So I haven’t really been keeping this blog up to date. The little I have posted has just been random rants. But I thought for the Nobel Prizes, I’d go back on topic again.

This year’s Nobel prizes were awarded this past week. The laureattes were as follows:

Physiology or Medicine: James E. Rothman, Randy W. Schekman and Thomas C. Südhof
Physics: François Englert and Peter Higgs
Chemistry: Martin Karplus, Michael Levitt and Arieh Warshel
Literature: Alice Munro
Peace:  Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
Economic Sciences: Eugene F. Fama, Lars Peter Hansen, Robert J. Shiller

The Jewish laureates are in bold. Of the 12 individuals to win awards, 6 were Jewish. This should be a surprising figure if you consider that only 0.2% of the world’s population is Jewish, or that less than 2% of the American population is Jewish. But it’s something we’ve come to expect. This happens year in year out. What’s the explanation for it? I don’t know. If you look around this blog, you’ll see various attempts at explaining the phenomena. None of them really do it for me. The explanation would have to be a multitude of reasons combined together I think, but I don’t really know.

Two of the winners, Levitt and Warshel are Israeli, but they now live in the US. A pity they’re not teaching or doing research at Israeli universities.

Source for which winners are Jewish: jinfo.org.

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Second Jewish Nobel Laureate of 2012

Well done to Robert Lefkowitz and Brian Kobilka for winning this year’s Nobel Prize for Chemistry. They received the award “for studies of G-protein-coupled receptors”.

Robert Lefkowitz is Jewish according to JINFO.org. So far 2 of the 6 Nobel Prize winners this year are Jewish. Serge Haroche won the Nobel Prize for Physics yesterday – a French Jew of Moroccan descent.

 

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Discoverer Of Impossible Crystals Gets Last Laugh

Israeli Daniel Shechtman won this year’s nobel prize in chemistry for his discovery of “quasi-crystals”. You can read about it here.

When he made his discovery people thought he was mad. When he finally told colleagues about his discovery, he was met with dismissal and ridicule. His claims caused such embarrassment that his boss asked him to leave the research group.

His discovery was thought to be mathematically impossible.

But who’s having the last laugh? Daniel Shechtman – this year’s nobel laureatte.

What do we learn from this?

Don’t put total faith in science. Don’t be so certain that everything you know to be true is true. Don’t be scared to push boundaries.

This brings a quote from Warren Buffett to mind:

Beware of geeks bearing formulas.

I’m studying maths at university, but I agree. I have little faith in mathematicians when it comes to the real world. Not that mathematics is useless; only a fool would think that, but all too often people come up with mathematical models that are supposed to be complete models of the real world. They tell you what is “supposed to be”. They make “certain” predictions, but when it comes to reality their models fail. “Oh, I forgot to take account of that one small detail”. Read The Black Swan – The Impact of the Highly Improbable by Nicolas Taleb if you’re interested in this. Sometimes mathematicians get ahead of themselves. Sometimes scientists speak with more confidence than they should. Some might call it arrogance.

As Laurence J. Peter says:

An economist is an expert who will know tomorrow why the things he predicted yesterday didn’t happen today.

Another pertinent quote from George Bernard Shaw:

You see things; and you say ‘Why?’ But I dream things that never were; and I say ‘Why not?’

This is who Avraham was. The Torah calls him “Avraham ha-Ivri” (Abraham the Hebrew). The source of the word ‘ivri’ is ‘ever, ‘meaning ‘over’ or ‘on the other side’. The Midrash interpret his name as “Avraham who stands opposite” – “the whole world stood on one side and he stood on the other.” The world goes their way – and he goes his.

And to complete today’s random quotations with one more, from the movie The Pursuit of Happyness, that will inspire you to new reach heights:

Christopher Gardner (Will Smith): Hey. Don’t ever let somebody tell you… You can’t do something. Not even me. All right?
Christopher (Will’s son): All right.
Christopher Gardner: You got a dream… You gotta protect it. People can’t do somethin’ themselves, they wanna tell you you can’t do it. If you want somethin’, go get it. Period.

Or as Adidas say:

Impossible is nothing.

Post-script: The more science books I read the more it seems like every scientific discovery starts with everyone saying the new discovery is ridiculous until eventually there’s enough evidence that the discovery is accepted as true. It’s seems to often that people aren’t willing to accept change. I’ve been reading The Brain That Changes Itself recently and this talks about how scientists were unwilling to accept the idea of plasticity – the idea that the brain can change itself. Discoverers of new ideas always seem to be ridiculed until eventually their ideas are accepted as true. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions by Thomas Kuhn is an entire book about this concept. Kuhn coined the phrase “paradigm shift” to describe this phenomenon.

Also, I would just like to point out that although I believe in a healthy skepticism of accepted “facts”, I do in general have faith in the scientific enterprise. I believe the theory of evolution to be true despite some questions about it. I wouldn’t be surprised if some details of the theory are completely revamped in the next century but the general idea seems to be true. It seems to be an elegant way for the Creator to have designed us.

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5 out of the 7 2011 Nobel Prize Winners are Jewish so far

So far this year’s prizes have been awarded for Physics, Chemistry and Physiology or Medicine.

Physics winners: Saul Perlmutter, Brian P. Schmidt, Adam G. Riess

Chemistry winners: Daniel Shechtman

Physiology or Medicine winners: Bruce A. Beutler, Jules A. Hoffmann, Ralph M. Steinman

Out of the 7 names above, at least 5 are Jewish. Brian P. Schmidt is not Jewish and Jules A. Hoffman seems to least have had a Jewish father (see here). The prize for Literature, Peace and Economic Sciences will be awarded later this week.

Daniel Shechtman and family

Daniel Shechtman and family

Daniel Shechtman is an Israeli and is a professor at the Technion in Haifa. This is Israel’s tenth Nobel Prize in it’s 63 year history. Israel, a country with a population of only 7.5 million and a country that has constantly been under attack since it’s founding, by enemies on all sides.

As for total Jewish Nobel Prize winners, here are the stats from jinfo.org:

Chemistry (31 prize winners, 20% of world total, 27% of US total)

Economics (28 prize winners, 42% of world total, 55% of US total)

Literature (13 prize winners, 12% of world total, 27% of US total)

Peace (9 prize winners, 9% of world total, 10% of US total)

Physics (47 prize winners, 25% of world total, 36% of US total)

Physiology or Medicine (53 prize winners, 27% of world total, 40% of US total)

Just to point out that there are only 13.3 million Jews on the planet and about 6.7 billion people in the world. The Jew constitutes less than 0.2% of the world’s population. That’s 1 in 500! Yet the Jews have won about 1/5 of all the Nobel Prizes ever awarded.

“And the remnant of Jacob shall be in the midst of many peoples, as dew from the Lord, as showers upon the grass…” Michah 5:6

See here for the list of the 2011 Nobel Prize winners.

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